Electricity and Water Sector
The water and electricity sector is not a significant contributor to the Dominican
GDP. Nevertheless, the upward trend this sector has maintained since the 1970's
must be mentioned.
The energy sector in particular is an extremely weak sector due to the fact
that the DR is dependent upon the importation of oil, thus making it vulnerable
to the instability caused by changes in the international prices of oil. The
country faces a true challenge in terms of the energy sector, problematic not
only due to it relationship to oil but also to structural inefficiencies in
energy plants, the distribution process, and the collection of electric power.
Various governments have tried a variety of approaches to solving this problem,
including the revision of rates and payment methods, the construction of new
plants, the privatization of the sector, and the search for technical assistance
Evolution of the Water and Electric Sectors of the Dominican Republic
(1970-2005) – Millions of DR Pesos – Source: Central Bank of the
Main Indicators of Electric and Water Activity
Main Indicators of Electric and Water Activity - I. Value Added (Millions
of DR Pesos) - Electricity - Water - II. Total Energy Production (Thousands
of Kilowatt Hours) - 2.1 Itabo and Haina Businesses - 2.2 Central Government
- 2.3 Independent Private Providers - 2.4 Plants - III. Losses in Energy Transmission/Distribution
(Thousands of Kilowatt Hours) - IV. Total Consumption of Energy
(Thousands of Kilowatt Hours) - 4.1 Consumption by Energy Plants - 4.2 Consumption
by Sector - Residential - Industrial - Commercial - Central Government - V.
Energy Sales (Millions of DR Pesos) - VI. Loss/Total Energy Production (%) -
Average Price (Millions of DR Pesos) - Preliminary Data - Includes losses due
to fraud, technical problems, miscounting, and interference - According to the
information provided by the sources cited, a difference has been established
between private producers who sell their energy to the central government and
plants that sell directly to distributors.
Source: Central Bank of the Dominican Republic