Second Period (1866-1899):
- Las Mercedes, La Catedral, Convento, and Santa Clara came to be known as
neighborhoods of the "Ciudad de Ovando", or the City Center. This
was an area of high socioeconomic status, though the outskirts of the South
bank of Santa Clara did contain poorer areas. Each of these four neighborhoods
was named for its local church or parish. Buildings in the "Ciudad de
Ovando" were done in colonial style, characterized by masonry, Roman
ceilings, thick walls, windows with grilles, and extensive passageways. Generally,
they had large patios surrounded by fruit-bearing trees. The Plaza de Colón,
government offices, best stores of the city, largest theater of the day, and
the clubs La Juventud and Unión were also located in this central zone.
- Pueblo Nuevo (New Town), Navajito, San Antón, San Miguel, and La
Estancia. These neighborhoods were gathered around the "Ciudad de Ovando"
and were considered "middle class" in a general sense. Homes here
were small in size, and some were made of done in masonry. The majority, on
the other hand, were shack-type dwellings made of wood and ceilings of galvanized
iron. Of the five neighborhoods, San Miguel was known as the happiest and
most party-loving. San Miguel and Navajiro also experienced more change during
the Second Period due to the increased economic activity of its residents.
In Pueblo Nuevo, the middle and poor classes lived together, and the area
developed a reputation for "ambiguous character". The neighborhood
La Estancia would later become absorbed into that of Santa Bárbara,
which was home to a population of immigrants from Curacao.
- Another neighborhood that emerged to be important in the walled city of
Santo Domingo during this period was El Polvorín. El Polvorín
began in San Lázaro and continued along Las Mercedes. Its population
density increased due to the establishment of the Mercado Nuevo (New Market).
o Ciudad Nueva (New City) was the first result of an officially organized
expansion outside the walled city. It covered the area known as the Sabana
del Estado or the Sabana del Rey. Plans for Ciudad Nueva were drawn up in
- San Carlos was a highly populated area bordering Santo Domingo that experienced
significant growth due to the sugar refineries in the area. However, San Carlos
was not officially considered a neighborhood and an extension of the city
- The ranches to the Northwest and Southwest of Santo Domingo also experienced
growth during this time, serving as retreats for the city's wealthy residents.