The Dominican constitution is the highest collection of laws that regulate the development of the every level of the country’s daily life. The first Constitution dates back to November 6, 1844 and, throughout the years, has experienced various reforms.
The direct sources of our first constitution were:
For the drafting of the first Constitution the country formed a commission composed of: Vicente Mancebo, Buenaventura Báez, Manuel María Valencia, Julián de Aponte and Andrés Rozón.
It’s important to note that the reformed constitution of April 29, 1963 introduces social constitutionalism to the country and contains a marked declaration of fundamental principles, among them the consecration, in article 4, of the social function of private property, when it states “As a general rule, property should serve the progress and well-being of the whole.”
It gives equal importance to labor, as in article 2, ab-initio explains: “The existence of the Dominican nation is founded principally on labor; this is declared as a principle foundation for its social, political and economic organization, and establishes an inescapable obligation for all able Dominicans.”
Additionally, in the 2010 constitution the authors incorporate a section about human rights of the third and fourth generation, including the right to give birth and live in a clean environment, free of contamination and the protection of the human condition in a technological society. This version of the Magna Carta also includes gender equality and ensures the participation of Dominican society in the presentation of law proposals before the Congress.
The Dominican Constitution has been modified 39 times since its proclamation in November, 1844. Below is a list of dates during which these modifications occurred :
Since its declaration and throughout history, 15 Dominican governments have altered the Constitution. The most frequent change has been related to presidential reelection. Other topics that have been reformed in the Dominican Constitution include the reaffirmation of the bicameral system; the inclusion of the direct vote for political magistrates and the strengthening of women’s political rights.
In Dominican constitutional history, there are some aspects that have become keys to the structure of our political regime, and a consensus, to some degree, has been established around them for the maintenance of our Constitution. Among them are:
 Article from October 15, 2006, from the political section of the newspaper: El Nuevo Diario