Social indicators

Social Indicator

Value (year)

Birth Rate


22 births per 1,000 inhabitants. (2009, est.)

Mortality Rate

5.28 deaths per 1,000 inhabitants. (2009, est.)

Infant Mortality Rate

28.25 for every live birth (2006, est.)

Fertility Rate

2.76 children born per woman (2006, est.)

Life Expectancy at birth

(total) 73.7 (2009, est.)

Life Expectancy at birth

(male) 71.8 (2009, est.)

Life Expectancy at birth

(female) 75.6 (2009, est.)

HIV/AIDS Adult prevalence rate

1.1% (2007, est.)

People living with HIV/AIDS

62,000 (2007, est.)

Adult Illiteracy

(15+ up) 15.3% (2003, est.)

Unemployment

14% (2008, est.)

Population below the poverty line

25% (2005, est.)


Source: The CIA World Fact Book


HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX 2009

The Human Development Index (HDI), prepared by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), undertakes an analysis of development levels reached by countries around the world.

PARAMETERS TO EVALUATE THE HDI

The HDI measures the following parameters to evaluate the levels obtained by each country:

• Long and healthy life as measured by life expectancy at birth • Educational attainment measured by adult literacy levels and the combined average rate of primary, secondary and higher education (university) matriculation • Decent standard of living as measured by the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita compared to Purchasing Power Parities (PPP) in US dollars.

Human development is defined as freedom for people to choose their life styles based on the following:

• The possibility of living long, healthy and fulfilling lives. • The acquisition of individual and social knowledge. • The opportunity to have the necessary resources to enjoy a decent standard of living.

The HDI 2009 is based on data from 2007 and is calculated for a total of 182 countries. The results are the following:

THE FIRST 10 COUNTRIES BETWEEN 128 COUNTRIES

The first place countries in the ranking (Norway, Australia and Iceland) are in the same position as last year. In the first 10 places, there are few changes and only one additional country, France, which displaced Luxemburg.

    

             Human Development Index, 2009

Lugar

Very high human development

IDH ≥ 0,900

1

Norway

0,971

2

Australia

0,970

3

Iceland

0,696

4

Canada

0,966

5

Ireland

0,965

6

Netherlands

0,964

7

Sweden

0,963

8

France

0,961

9

Switzerland

0,960

10

Japan

0,960

Source: Elaborated by CECIC with data from the UNDP Human Development Report, 2009

THE LAST 10 COUNTRIES BETWEEN THE 128 COUNTRIES

In the other extreme of the index are Niger, Afghanistan and Sierra Leona, which are ranked in the last three places, respectively and have not changed from that position between 2006 and 2007. There are new countries among the last 10 places in these two years.

 

          Human Development Index, 2009

Place

Very high human development

IDH ≤ 0,500

159

Togo

0,499

160

Malawi

0,493

161

Benin

0,492

162

East Timor

0,489

163

Ivory Coast

0,484

164

Zambia

0,481

165

Eritrea

0,472

166

Senegal

0,464

167

Rwanda

0,460

168

Gambia

0,456

Source: Elaborated by CECIC with data from the UNDP Human Development Report, 2009

LATIN AMERICAN COUNTRIES

Among the Latin American countries, Chile stands in the highest position in the ranking at 44th place, followed by Argentina, Uruguay and Cuba which are in 49,50 and 51st place, respectively. Mexico is in 53rd place followed by Venezuela in 58th and Brazil in 75th.

Those Latin countries that registered the most significant advances are Colombia in 77th place and Peru in 78th. Both countries moved up five places each in the ranking and Venezuela moved up four.

 

Human Development Report, 2009

Place

Very high human development

IDH <0,900 y  ≥ 0,800

39

Bahrain

0,895

40

Estonia

0,883

41

Poland

0,880

42

Slovakia

0,880

43

Hungary

0,879

44

Chile

0,878

45

Croatia

0,871

46

Lithuania

0,870

47

Antigua & Barbuda

0,868

48

Latvia

0,866

49

Argentina

0,866

50

Uruguay

0,865

51

Cuba

0,863

52

Bahamas

0,856

53

Mexico

0,854

54

Costa Rica

0,854

58

Venezuela

0,844

60

Panama

0,840

73

Dominica

0,814

47

Granada

0,813

75

Brazil

0,813

77

Colombia

0,807

78

Peru

0,806

80

Ecuador

0,806

 

Source: Developed by CECIC with data from the UNDP Human Development Report 2009

In this context, the 2009 report rates the Dominican Republic on the list of countries with medium human development where it stands at number 90 among 182 countries with a 0.777 qualification. The latter refers to a drop in last year’s index where it was 89th in the ranking.

 

Human Development Index, 2009

          Place 

  Very high human     development

   IDH <0,900 y  ≥ 0,800

84

Armenia

0,798

85

Ukraine

0,796

86

Azerbaijan

0,787

87

Tailand

0,783

88

Iran

0,782

89

Georgia

0,778

90

Dominican Republic

0,777

91

St. Vincent and Grenadines

0,772

92

China

0,772

93

Belize

0,772

100

Jamaica

0,766

101

Paraguay

0,761

106

El Salvador

0,747

112

Honduras

0,732

113

Bolivia

0,729

144

Guyana

0,729

122

Guatemala

0,704

149

Haiti

0,532

Source: Developed by CECIC with data from the UNDP Human Development Report 2009

Haiti, in 149th place, continues to be the country with the lowest accumulation of points in Latin America. However, there has been deterioration in ranking positions in countries like Ecuador, in 80th place, Paraguay, (101), El Salvador (106), Honduras (112), Bolivia (113), Guatemala (122) and Nicaragua (124).

CONCLUSION

An analysis of the evolution of the Human Development Index (HDI) shows that countries with high economic growth rate tend to quickly bring up their human development indicators and vice-versa, while nations with lower economic growth tend to fall behind in their progress and quality of life of their inhabitants.