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    Dominicana On Line - Dominican Republic Portal

    Social indicators

    Social Indicator

    Value (year)

    Birth Rate


    22 births per 1,000 inhabitants. (2009, est.)

    Mortality Rate

    5.28 deaths per 1,000 inhabitants. (2009, est.)

    Infant Mortality Rate

    28.25 for every live birth (2006, est.)

    Fertility Rate

    2.76 children born per woman (2006, est.)

    Life Expectancy at birth

    (total) 73.7 (2009, est.)

    Life Expectancy at birth

    (male) 71.8 (2009, est.)

    Life Expectancy at birth

    (female) 75.6 (2009, est.)

    HIV/AIDS Adult prevalence rate

    1.1% (2007, est.)

    People living with HIV/AIDS

    62,000 (2007, est.)

    Adult Illiteracy

    (15+ up) 15.3% (2003, est.)

    Unemployment

    14% (2008, est.)

    Population below the poverty line

    25% (2005, est.)


    Source: The CIA World Fact Book


    HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX 2009

    The Human Development Index (HDI), prepared by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), undertakes an analysis of development levels reached by countries around the world.

    PARAMETERS TO EVALUATE THE HDI

    The HDI measures the following parameters to evaluate the levels obtained by each country:

    • Long and healthy life as measured by life expectancy at birth • Educational attainment measured by adult literacy levels and the combined average rate of primary, secondary and higher education (university) matriculation • Decent standard of living as measured by the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita compared to Purchasing Power Parities (PPP) in US dollars.

    Human development is defined as freedom for people to choose their life styles based on the following:

    • The possibility of living long, healthy and fulfilling lives. • The acquisition of individual and social knowledge. • The opportunity to have the necessary resources to enjoy a decent standard of living.

    The HDI 2009 is based on data from 2007 and is calculated for a total of 182 countries. The results are the following:

    THE FIRST 10 COUNTRIES BETWEEN 128 COUNTRIES

    The first place countries in the ranking (Norway, Australia and Iceland) are in the same position as last year. In the first 10 places, there are few changes and only one additional country, France, which displaced Luxemburg.

        

                 Human Development Index, 2009

    Lugar

    Very high human development

    IDH ≥ 0,900

    1

    Norway

    0,971

    2

    Australia

    0,970

    3

    Iceland

    0,696

    4

    Canada

    0,966

    5

    Ireland

    0,965

    6

    Netherlands

    0,964

    7

    Sweden

    0,963

    8

    France

    0,961

    9

    Switzerland

    0,960

    10

    Japan

    0,960

    Source: Elaborated by CECIC with data from the UNDP Human Development Report, 2009

    THE LAST 10 COUNTRIES BETWEEN THE 128 COUNTRIES

    In the other extreme of the index are Niger, Afghanistan and Sierra Leona, which are ranked in the last three places, respectively and have not changed from that position between 2006 and 2007. There are new countries among the last 10 places in these two years.

     

              Human Development Index, 2009

    Place

    Very high human development

    IDH ≤ 0,500

    159

    Togo

    0,499

    160

    Malawi

    0,493

    161

    Benin

    0,492

    162

    East Timor

    0,489

    163

    Ivory Coast

    0,484

    164

    Zambia

    0,481

    165

    Eritrea

    0,472

    166

    Senegal

    0,464

    167

    Rwanda

    0,460

    168

    Gambia

    0,456

    Source: Elaborated by CECIC with data from the UNDP Human Development Report, 2009

    LATIN AMERICAN COUNTRIES

    Among the Latin American countries, Chile stands in the highest position in the ranking at 44th place, followed by Argentina, Uruguay and Cuba which are in 49,50 and 51st place, respectively. Mexico is in 53rd place followed by Venezuela in 58th and Brazil in 75th.

    Those Latin countries that registered the most significant advances are Colombia in 77th place and Peru in 78th. Both countries moved up five places each in the ranking and Venezuela moved up four.

     

    Human Development Report, 2009

    Place

    Very high human development

    IDH <0,900 y  ≥ 0,800

    39

    Bahrain

    0,895

    40

    Estonia

    0,883

    41

    Poland

    0,880

    42

    Slovakia

    0,880

    43

    Hungary

    0,879

    44

    Chile

    0,878

    45

    Croatia

    0,871

    46

    Lithuania

    0,870

    47

    Antigua & Barbuda

    0,868

    48

    Latvia

    0,866

    49

    Argentina

    0,866

    50

    Uruguay

    0,865

    51

    Cuba

    0,863

    52

    Bahamas

    0,856

    53

    Mexico

    0,854

    54

    Costa Rica

    0,854

    58

    Venezuela

    0,844

    60

    Panama

    0,840

    73

    Dominica

    0,814

    47

    Granada

    0,813

    75

    Brazil

    0,813

    77

    Colombia

    0,807

    78

    Peru

    0,806

    80

    Ecuador

    0,806

     

    Source: Developed by CECIC with data from the UNDP Human Development Report 2009

    In this context, the 2009 report rates the Dominican Republic on the list of countries with medium human development where it stands at number 90 among 182 countries with a 0.777 qualification. The latter refers to a drop in last year’s index where it was 89th in the ranking.

     

    Human Development Index, 2009

              Place 

      Very high human     development

       IDH <0,900 y  ≥ 0,800

    84

    Armenia

    0,798

    85

    Ukraine

    0,796

    86

    Azerbaijan

    0,787

    87

    Tailand

    0,783

    88

    Iran

    0,782

    89

    Georgia

    0,778

    90

    Dominican Republic

    0,777

    91

    St. Vincent and Grenadines

    0,772

    92

    China

    0,772

    93

    Belize

    0,772

    100

    Jamaica

    0,766

    101

    Paraguay

    0,761

    106

    El Salvador

    0,747

    112

    Honduras

    0,732

    113

    Bolivia

    0,729

    144

    Guyana

    0,729

    122

    Guatemala

    0,704

    149

    Haiti

    0,532

    Source: Developed by CECIC with data from the UNDP Human Development Report 2009

    Haiti, in 149th place, continues to be the country with the lowest accumulation of points in Latin America. However, there has been deterioration in ranking positions in countries like Ecuador, in 80th place, Paraguay, (101), El Salvador (106), Honduras (112), Bolivia (113), Guatemala (122) and Nicaragua (124).

    CONCLUSION

    An analysis of the evolution of the Human Development Index (HDI) shows that countries with high economic growth rate tend to quickly bring up their human development indicators and vice-versa, while nations with lower economic growth tend to fall behind in their progress and quality of life of their inhabitants.











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