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    Dominicana On Line - El Portal de la República Dominicana

    Chronological History of DR

    Period

    Event

    4000 B.C. to 3500 B.C

    Indigenous people begin to populate the Antilles

    400 B.C.

    Occupation of the Antilles by agricultural groups of Arawak origin arrived from the Venezuelan coast.

    1000 A.C

    Development of the Taino culture in the Antilles. Agriculturists and ceramists.

    1492

    Christopher Columbus discovers the north coast of Santo Domingo. The Fuerte de la Navidad (The Fort of Christmas) is built, later destroyed by the natives.

    1493-1494

    Columbus founds La Isabella village on the north side of the country

    1498

    Bartholomew Columbus founds the city of Santo Domingo on the eastern border of the Ozama river.

    1499

    The first black slaves are introduced.

    1500

    The Crown dismisses Columbus as governor of the island and in his place appoints commander Francisco de Bobadilla

    1502

    Nicholas de Ovando takes possession as governor. He transfers the city to the western border.

    1509

    Diego Columbus is named governor.

    1511

    The first Royal Audiency is established.

    1514

    First general distribution of natives

    1516

    The sugar industry begins

    1519-1545

    Rebellions of black and indigenous slaves

    1586

    Francis Drake occupies and ransacks the city of Santo Domingo.

    1605-1606

    Devastations of Osorio. Rebellions continue.

    1629-1668

    Battle between Spaniards and French for the control of Isla Tortuga (Turtle Island)

    1697

    Spain recognizes the French occupation of the western part of the island

    1715

    Battle between Spaniards and French for La Española territory

    1731

    Authorities of the two colonies sign agreement of border limits

    1791-1795

    Battle continues between the two colonies. Treaty of Basel: Spain yields the Spanish Santo Domingo to France.

    1801

    Toussaint Louverture invades the Spanish colony of Santo Domingo

    1804

    Dessalines proclaims the birth of the Republic of Haiti. Slavery abolished by France, is re-established in the Spanish colony

    1805

    Dessalines invades the Spanish colony

    1809

    The French vacate Santo Domingo. The colony returns to the Spanish establishment.

    1810-1821

    Period of the España Boba (Era of the Foolish Spain). Misery in the Spanish colony.

    1822-1844

    Haitian President Jean Pierre Boyer invades the Spanish colony and politically joins it to Haiti.

    1844

    The group of young people, Los Trinitarios, led a coup d’etat and proclaim the founding of the Dominican Republic, and names Francisco del Rosario Sanchez as the President. Pedro Santana takes control of the Assembly. The Constitution of San Cristobal is promulgated. Santana is elected President of the Republic.

    1849

    Haitian forces invade the Dominican Republic again. They are defeated in the battles El Numero and Las Carreras.

    1855

    Spain acknowledges the Dominican independence.

    1858

    A new liberal Constitution is proclaimed in Moca.

    1860-1863

    Annexation to Spain, on Santana’s request.

    1863

    War of Restoration

    1867

    Treaty of Peace between Haiti and Dominican Republic

    1916-1924

    First military occupation by the United States

    1930

    Rafael Leonidas Trujillo’s dictatorship begins

    1930

    Hurricane San Zenón

    1937

    Slaughter of Haitians by order of Trujillo

    1941

    Trujillo-Hull Treaty recovers Dominican financial independence

    1960

    Murder of the Mirabal Sisters

    1961

    Trujillo is assassinated

    1962

    Juan Bosch is elected President

    1963

    A new Constitution is proclaimed

    1965-1966

    Second military occupation by the United States  

    1970-1978

    Balaguer is President

    1978

    Antonio Guzman is elected President

    1982

    Antonio Guzman commits suicide. Salvador Jorge Blanco is elected President

    1979

    Hurricane David causes more than 2,000 deaths

    1986-1996

    Balaguer serves as President. (Pact for Democracy reduces Balaguer’s last presidential period to two years, and reforms the Constitution to prohibit presidential re-election and to establish and second electoral round).

    1996

    Leonel Fernandez is elected President. (Patriotic Pact).

    1998

    Jose Francisco Peña Gómez dies, ill with cancer.

    1998

    Hurricane Georges causes enormous damages and the number of deaths in the country is in the hundreds

    2000

    Hipólito Mejía is elected President

    2001

    Juan Bosch dies

    2002

    Joaquin Balaguer dies

    2002

    The National Assembly re-introduces the presidential re-election in a Constitutional reform

    2003

    The XVI Pan-American Games are held in Santo Domingo

    2003

    Hard crisis in the national financial system due to the fraudulent bankruptcy of the Intercontinental Bank, Banister. Alarming inflation and devaluation.

    2003

    Amelia Vega becomes the first Dominican woman to win the Miss Universe Pageant

    2004

    Leonel Fernandez is elected President

    2004

    Athlete Felix Sanchez becomes the first Dominican to win an Olympic Gold Medal











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