Fourth Period: Spans the dictatorship of Rafael
Leónidas Trujillo (1930-1960).
- The San Zenón Tornado provided an impetus for
urban renewal in the capital. The use of wood as a building material
decreases and concrete is popularized.
- All that is built during this time is a
demonstration of tyranny. Public buildings emerged with monument-style
architecture that eloquently expressed the rhetoric of power. Public
buildings can therefore be generalized by their simple and solid
- In the 1936, Santo Domingo suffers the irony of
changing its name to Ciudad Trujillo or "Trujillo City".
- Development of public housing. The city's first
housing projects arose during this time at the hand of the Dominican
State: Social Improvement Expansion (1940) and Working-Class District
(1944), designed by Henry Gazón, and the neighborhood Barrio María
- First condominiums appear. Apartments in these
buildings had high ceilings.
- Modernist Style: Rationalist, functional movement
defined by simple, pure surfaces and basic forms, neo-plastic harmonies
and spatial influences.
- Undecorated floors and
- Rooftop gardens.
- Extended windows.
- High buildings on pilings or
- Precise lines
- Use of low ceilings