Second Period (1866-1899):
- Plaza de Armas (later known as Plaza Colón): Plaza de Armas remained
the political and economic center of the city during the Second Period. Santo
Domingo's first gas (and subsequently, electric) lanterns were installed here.
The City Hall considered the Plaza to be the city's principal open space a
place of recreation. The Plaza was a favorite place for Sunday outings and
was the preferred place of meeting throughout the week. It was remodeled,
leveled and beautified by Ulysses Heureux in the year 1887, at which time
the statue honoring Christopher Columbus was inaugurated.
- Plaza Duarte: Formerly known as the Plaza de Anacaona, the Plaza de Santo
Domingo, and the Plaza del Ex-Convento Dominico. It was remodeled and decorated
in 1891 (by Ulysses Heureux), at which point it was also renamed.
- Plaza de San Miguel: In front of the Arcángel San Miguel temple,
this plaza was a square full of grasses and a few trees. It was also redone
by the government of Ulysses Heureux in 1893.
- Plazoleta Billini (previously known as Plaza Juan de Dios): This smaller
plaza was located at the intersection of Plateros Street (Meriño) and
la Universidad Street (Padre Billini). The plaza was re-inaugurated with a
statue in honor of Father Billini in 1898. Damián Báez, a citizen
of Santo Domingo who had owned the land since 1879, donated it to City Hall
to serve as homage to Father Billini.
- Plazuela Núñez de Cáceres: A small triangular area
at the intersection of Mercedes Street, Luperón Street, and 19 de Marzo
Street. Built in 1893 by Ulysses Heureux, it was also given the name "Plazuela
- Plazoleta del Palacio: A small, sunny triangle adjacent to the Dávila
Chapel (Capilla de los Dávila/Capilla de los Remedios) and in front
of the Palace (Palacio Viejo). It had been used since the year 1885 as a parking
area for wagons. It was gated and used as a park starting in 1893.
- Special mention would have to be made of the clubs and centers of nightlife
of the day: Club Unión, the Casino de la Juventud, and the Republican
Theater (Teatro la Republicana) were most popular and frequented by members
of the highest social classes.